A conveyor belt is a material that carries part of the handling system. Normally, it is looped endlessly over rollers and twin terminal pulleys which rotate and move the belt. The belt can be of any length that may be required for a particular application. At times, some conveyor belts especially those used in the mines can be over seventy miles long. These belts can be divided in various categories i.e. fabric, steel reinforced belts, mesh wire belts, the choice varies depending on how the belt is to be used
According to research, modern factories use a continuous process when manufacturing conveyor belts, apart from increasing the manufacturing efficiency this method helps provide longer lengths without joining pieces. This helps reduce the installation and maintenance cost of the belt. In a general view, a belt is manufactured through embedding the reinforcing material i.e. nylon, textile, canvas, nylon, steel cord or a combination of these. To a greater extent, the size of the strength of the belt is determined by the number and type of layers of enforcing materials to be used.
Steel wire reinforced belts which have their cords pre-tensioned are very strong. These are normally used in mines for handling heavy stuff. Underground mining requires flame resistant belts, oil, chemical and heat or cold resistant belts and acids which are acid proof.
Mesh wire belts are made of elements that are heat and cold resistant and come in different types. Some contain tightly woven mesh while others have large mesh openings to enable air passage and water at cleaning. Mesh wire belts can lift either light or heavy loads and can be used in bakeries and other cooking factories for freezing plants.
Various uses of conveyor belts
Looking at manufacturing companies, the belts are normally used to move components to different processing units. They are not only used in manufacturing industries such as car makers but also in the food and pharmaceutical industry. Depending on the material used to make these belts, they can be used in clean places and can be cleaned and decontaminated to maintain sterility. Such special belts not only save time and effort but also ensure that the products are not contaminated. In many industries, they help a great deal in tasks that would otherwise require heavy man power eg on loading and offloading heavy materials from trucks.
Generally speaking, without conveyor belts, warehouses would be so disorganized and would be a dangerous place. They would even need so many workers and many types of other equipment to move goods around. The use of conveyor belts makes this work easier and safer.
Shopping centers and supermarkets use escalators and in most of their work, you will find them using conveyor belts. When unloading your items at the checkout, more often you will place them on a cart. These are generally made of materials that are tough and easy to clean.
When choosing a conveyor belts, it is very important to seek for expert advice. You may seek for assistance from manufacturers and consultants.